Groundwater and health

Boy drinking from a tap © thakur

Research into groundwater and health in the BGS is focused on a number of themes, such as the impact of urbanisation on groundwater quality in the developing world, and a range of water quality issues, such as heavy metal concentrations and pathogens.

We work on groundwater and health in the UK and internationally with a wide range of partners including government departments and international aid agencies.

Groundwater and health themes

  • the impact of agriculture
  • effects of industrial activity
  • the impacts of urbanisation in developing world

Specific health risks

Bottled water from the British Isles

We published a survey of the inorganic chemistry of bottled water from the British Isles.

WaterAid factsheets

BGS collaborated with WaterAid to characterise the inorganic quality of groundwater in the countries in which WaterAid works.


Contact Dr Pauline Smedley for further information.